导航: 高二语文高二数学高二政治高二物理高二化学高二历史高二地理高二生物高二英语

高二英语完形填空解题训练_高二英语


【时间:2021-10-17 10:57:47】【作文来源:kt230.com 】 【作者:作文大全】 【阅读:255次 】

高二英语完形填空解题训练_高二英语

  完型填空在 高中 英语 测试中占有重要的地位,并且在 高考 英语中也占有很大的比例。但学生普遍反映完形填空属于难度最大并且失分最多的一种题型。尽管许多学生掌握了基本的语法规则和新《课程标准》要求的词汇,并能准确理解选项的确切含义,甚至也掌握了一些语篇分析的知识,但仍然无法很好地完成完形填空。针对这个问题,考试啦小编为大家准备了 高二 英语 完形填空解题相关训练。仅供大家参考学习!

  高二英语完形填空解题训练如下::

  1. 每天至少15~20分钟高声朗读喜欢的、适合自身的短文或片段。求质不求量,每天一篇就够。要在朗读中扩大词汇量,增强语感,积累知识点。

  2. 掌握“完形填空”的解题技巧,走好以下四步。

  第一步:快速阅读所给短文或片段, 理解其大意。

  第二步:有把握的题目先做,没把握的先跳过。

  第三步:把握短文或片段的三要素:情节、主题和作者意图。

  第四步:通读全文,根据三要素选择未作答的题目答案。

  高二英语完形填空解题技巧训练:

  1.充分利用首句信息

  完形填空题首句往往不设空,往往是全文的关键句,或者称为主导句,要充分利用完形填空题首句的提示作用,利用它为解题找到一个突破口,从而展开思维。

  2.多角度的逻辑推理

  完形填空题的解题过程首先是一个阅读的过程,必须把握作者的思路,通过联想、推测等方法,多换角度去思考问题,使自己的思维模式与作者的思维模式相吻合。

  3.从上下文寻找线索

  通读全文,理顺大意,根据上下文找出信息词是做好完形填空题的关键。近年高考试题逐渐摈弃单纯的语言分析考查,而越来越侧重逻辑推理判断。就空格而言,体现了以实词为主、虚词为辅的特点,而且几乎不暴露明显的语言错误,词语在特定的语境中所表达的陷含信息大都无法只凭字面或单从个别句子甚至若干句子的表面理解获知。因此,只有借助于上下文乃至全文语境的启示或限定才能够准确作出判断。

  4.利用语法分析解题

  对语法、词法等基础知识的考查也是完形填空题的命题角度之一。对于这种题,要针对地对语法结构、句式特点、对短文中所设空格中需填的词在句子里作什么成份、哪类词适合、应采取什么形式等等进行必要的分析思考,从而迅速解决问题。比如,选用动词就要考虑各种时态、语态、语气、主谓搭配以及其如何与其他词类使用等一系列问题。

  5.利用文化背景和生活常识解题

  做题时,若能积极地调动自己的文化背景知识和生活常识,注意中西方文化方面存在的差异,将会大大简化复杂的分析与判断过程,节省宝贵的时间,顺理成章地选出正确的答案。

  6.习惯用法和词语辨析

  对词汇知识的考查主要体现在习惯用法和同义词、近义词的辨析两个方面。习惯用法是英语中某些固定的结构形态,不能随意变动。而在众多的习语当中,介词往往扮演最活跃的角色,其次是副词。词义辨析题的比重有加大的趋势,多为常用词、词组。

  7.语篇标志的利用

  语篇与语篇之间往往有表明其内在联系的词语,如:表示结果层次的语篇标志firstly,secondly,thirdly,finally等;表示逻辑关系的有thus,therefore,so等;表示改变话题的有bytheway等;表示时间关系的有before,sofar,yet,now,later等。如果能充分利用这些语篇标志语,就可以迅速理清文章的脉络,弄清上下文的关系。

  完形填空四句话口决:

  把握全文明主线;

  固定搭配记心间;

  原词再现莫错过;

  上下求索是关键。

  高二英语完形填空解题训练试题:

  There was once a shepherd who had a daughter whose great beauty1a lot of young men from all over the country.

  One day, the shepherd asked his daughter, “Dear, what kind of2do you want to be your husband?”

  The daughter said, “My future husband can be poor3also a wealthy man.”

  “How could that be? Poor and rich are two4things!” said her father.

  “Dear father, a poor person also has his wealth,” said the daughter. The shepherd then announced that his daughter was ready for5 .

  Therefore, there were many men6outside the shepherd is home. A few7gentlemen came forward followed by their servants and camels8gifts. “We are rich men. We have jewelry, silk, fur and red carpets. Please9one of us.” The shepherd is daughter just10 .

  One11one young men came forward but they were turned12by her. The shepherd began to worry.

  Suddenly, a plainly dressed young man appeared.

  The shepherd asked, “Young man, you look so poor. What can you13my daughter?”

  “My wealth is always with me and it is my14 ,” the young man said. “I am a good tailor. I am also a good15 . I can make tables and chairs within an hour.”

  The lady smiled. The young man continued, “I can cook too. I can cook16meals. I do not have17servants or jewelry. But with my pair of hands, I18have a whole life of wealth!”

  “That is great!” shouted the shepherd is daughter19 . “You are wealthier than any of them because you have a pair of precious hands. You are my20of an ideal husband!”

  1. A. drew B. pulled C. attracted D. absorbed

  2. A. men B. man C. a man D. the man

  3. A. but B. and C. so D. or

  4. A. same B. similar C. opposite D. different

高二英语完形填空解题训练_高二英语

  5. A. work B. job C. project D. marriage

  6. A. seating B. seated C. gathered D. gathering

  7. A. old B. well dressed C. ragged D. poorly dressed

  8.A. carried B. carry C. carrying D. having carried

  9. A. have B. elect C. choose D. make

  10. A. smiled B. laughed C. cried D. glared

  11. A. by B. after  C. to D. past

  12. A. out B. in C. up D. down

  13. A. help B. offer  C. supply D. provide

  14. A. heart B. hands  C. feet D. food

  15. A. carpenter B. worker C. employee D. artist

  16. A. smelly B. dull  C. terrible D. delicious

  17. A. many B. any  C. much D. some

  18. A. did B. would  C. could D. do

  19. A. excitedly B. obviously C. bitterly D. badly

  20. A. plan B. future  C. idea D. advice

  答案与解析

  本文主题:好逸恶劳,千金也能吃空;勤劳勇敢,双手抵过千金。

  学生可通过所提供的信息材料找出关键词:shepherd; daughter; future husband; poor; wealthy; rich; smile; shout; precious hands理解大概意思。接着先做会做的。如:2、3、4、6、8、12。

  1. C考查动词。根据上下文得出:美貌吸引年轻人。故选C。

  2. B考查冠词。kind of后名词用单数且前需用零冠词,固定用法,故选B。

  3. A考查连词。poor与wealthy是反义词,转折之意。故选A。

  4. C考查形容词。只有opposite才有“反义的”含义。

  5. D考查名词。project是可数名词,需加冠词。根据上下文理解是到了谈婚论嫁的时候。故选D。

  6. D考查非谓语动词。gathered有被动之意,与上文“吸引”矛盾。

  7. B考查复合形容词。根据上下文,那些年轻人都是有钱人。故选B。

  8. C考查非谓语动词。carried形式错,过去分词表示被动;having carried强调时间先后,故也错;carrying表示伴随状态,故选C。

  9. C考查动词。elect 表示用投票选举,当时不可能。故选C。

  10. A考查动词。laugh意为“大笑”,cry意为“大叫或大哭”,glare意为“发怒”,都不合情理。故选A。

  11. A考查介词。by指一个接一个,故选A。

  12. D考查动词短语。turn out意为“生产,结果”;turn in意为“上交,向内弯”;turn up意为“出现”。只有turn down表示“拒绝”。

  13. B考查动词短语。 ACD正确的句型:help sb.with sth.;provide/supply sb. with sth.,都不适合, 故选B。

  14. B考查名词。根据上下文,双手创造财富。

  15. A考查名词。下文table和chair表明A答案是对的。

  16. D考查形容词。根据情节,赞扬poor gentleman,故D是正确答案。

  17. B考查不定代词。根据上下文是全部否定,故选B。

  18. D考查助动词。D答案对现状有强调之意,其他选项无此含义。

  19. A考查副词。选到意中人肯定兴奋。

  20. C考查名词。C答案有心仪之意。

  1. There was once a shepherd who had a daughter whose great beauty attracted a lot of young men from all over the country.

  此句是一个复合句。它有三个主谓结构,分别是There was once a shepherd; who had a daughter; whose great beauty attracted a lot... 主句是There was once a shepherd。有两个从句并且都是定语从句。第一句由who引导:who had a daughter;第二句由whose引导:whose great beauty attracted a lot of young men from all over the country.

  2. How could that be? 那怎么可能?

  此句中could不是can的过去式,而是表示可能性。that指上文提到的事。

  3. A few well?鄄dressed gentlemen came forward followed by their servants and camels carrying gifts.

  此句是简单句。followed by their servants是过去分词短语作伴随状语;carrying gifts是现在分词短语作定语。